Top 10 Types of Birth Control

In Online Doctor by Dr. Clinton Osborn

You have known this amazing guy for over three months and are finally becoming exclusive in the relationship. You guys are ready to take things to the next level, which entails getting more intimate with each other. Unfortunately, you’re not ready to have a child as you’re still working on your career. Fortunately, there are different forms of birth control out there that can prevent you from getting pregnant. Some birth control utilizes surgical methods while others come in pill or patch form. Whatever your heart desires, the pharmaceutical industry has definitely created it for you. After all, the advancements in medicine have made contraceptive barriers more creative and efficient than before. With all these selections to choose from, it is vital to be well informed, so that you take the right birth control method and know what to expect.

Lucky for you, we have all the right information so that you can be more confident about your contraceptive decisions.

What is Birth Control?

Before we dive into the top 10 types of birth control, it’s essential to know what is birth control. Birth control is a method to prevent pregnancy. There are so many types to choose from, such as condoms, birth control pills, vasectomy, rings, tubal ligation, and much more. All these methods have various mechanisms in stopping pregnancy. For example, condoms act as an exterior barrier to prevent the sperm from entering into the vagina. Birth control pills contain hormones that inhibit the ovulation cycle. With all of these choices, we will provide you with detailed descriptions of how birth control works, what to expect with each method, and the side effects that you might experience.

How Does Birth Control Work?

It really depends on what type of birth control method that you are looking for. If you choose to use birth control pills that have a mixture of estrogen and progesterone, then it works by preventing ovulation. The ovulation cycle entails the release of an egg from the ovaries each month. Since the pills stop the ovulation cycle, that means there will not be an egg for the sperm to fertilize. Another function of the pill is it thickens the mucus around the cervix, so it hinders the sperm from entering the uterus and reaching the egg. Plus, the hormones from the pill can weaken the lining of the uterus to make it difficult for the egg to attach to the uterine wall.

Another type of birth control is the diaphragm, which is implanted inside the woman to catch the sperm. Condoms are popular and easy to use birth control barriers. They wrap around the penis to prevent the sperm from entering the vagina. Spermicide is an ointment that destroys the structural integrity of the sperm. There is emergency birth control, such as plan B that prevents the release of the egg from the ovary. Vasectomy and tubal ligations are surgical procedures for males and females, respectively, to prevent the entry of sperm.

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What are the Different Types of Birth Control?

There are various types of birth control. If you’re interested in a surgical procedure, there are tubal ligation for females and vasectomy for males. If you prefer hormones, then birth control pills, hormonal patches, birth control implants, and vaginal rings would be perfect for you. If you want something to act as a barrier, then condoms, diaphragm, cervical caps, and spermicide is what you are looking for. If you are interested in emergency contraceptive then Plan B might be something to consider.

Types of Surgical Birth Control

When couples are satisfied with the number of children that they have, they would often opt for a surgical procedure to permanently prevent pregnancy.

Permanent Surgical Birth Control

Tubal Ligation

Tubal ligation is a surgical procedure that is commonly called “tied the tube” for women. This entails tying the fallopian tube to prevent the eggs from migrating to the ovaries, therefore halting pregnancy. You can get this procedure done in an inpatient or outpatient office. The doctor will make one or two small incisions in the abdominal region, and implant a device called the laparoscope inside. The device will cut, seal, clamp, band, and tie your fallopian tube. Then the doctor will stitch you back up, and you can go home after the procedure. Majority of the time, this is a permanent surgical procedure, but there are cases that you can still get pregnant. After all, birth control isn’t a hundred percent.

Unfortunately, when a woman gets pregnant after a tubal ligation, she is most likely to get ectopic pregnancy. Ectopic pregnancy is when the sperm and the egg fertilize outside of the uterus and within the certain structure of the fallopian tube. This can be very dangerous and can lead to death. Other side effects of tubal ligation are infections, bleeding, and incomplete closure that can lead to pregnancy.

Non-permanent Surgical Birth Control


Vasectomy is a surgical procedure for the man so that their wife partner cannot get pregnant. The procedure is straightforward and non-invasive so that it can be done on an outpatient basis. The doctor can make a small cut in the upper scrotum, cut and tie the vas deferens, and suture you back up. With this procedure, the sperm will not be able to migrate towards the penile region. Fortunately, the procedure can be reversed, so it’s not technically permanent unless the man does not want to reverse it. The major side effects of vasectomy are bleeding, blood clot, erectile dysfunction, and infection.

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Types of Hormonal Birth Control

Hormonal birth control involves a mixture of estrogen and progesterone. These hormone mixtures will prevent the ovulation phase of your menstrual cycle. This will prevent the eggs from being released so that the sperm cannot fertilize it.

Birth Control Pills

Oral contraceptive pills (OCP) are a popular form of birth control. You will need a prescription written by your doctor in order to get it. You will receive a packet with 28 OCP and seven placebo pills. It’s essential to take one pill each day, and if you miss a tablet, then you would have to take two of them the next day to compensate. Often times, OCP can lead to unfavorable side effects such as missed period, deep vein thrombosis, nausea, decreased libido, yeast infection, headaches and migraines, and weight-gain.

Hormonal Patches

Birth control patches are a beige color plastic that looks like a square bandage. All you have to do is wear the patch for a week, and change it to a new one every week. The goal is to wear the patches for three weeks and have one week off. The patch gives off the hormone to inhibit the ovulation process. Just like other birth control, it does have potential side effects such as skin irritation, nausea, vomiting, headaches, abdominal pain, lack of period, and blood clot.

Birth Control Implants

The birth-control implant is a tiny rod that goes underneath your arm. The doctor will insert the implant under the skin of the upper arm. The implants will release progestin to prevent you from getting pregnant. Progestin thickens the mucus on your cervix to prevent the sperm from swimming to your egg. It can also stop the eggs from leaving your ovaries. It can prevent pregnancy for up to five years. If you want to get pregnant, you can have the doctor take the implant out of you. The potential side effects of the implants are an infection, nausea, weight-gain, ovarian cysts, headaches, and pain in the implant area.

Vaginal Ring

The vaginal ring is very similar to the birth control pill except you put the ring inside your vagina. The ring will release estrogen and progestin to inhibit ovulation. When there’s no ovulation, then there’s no egg to be found for the sperm to fertilize. The hormone can also thicken your cervix to block the sperm from entering the egg. The good part about the vaginal ring is that you won’t have to take the pill on a daily basis. All you have to do is insert a new ring every month. However, the vaginal ring does have potential side effects like vaginal irritation /discharge, breast pain, rash, headaches, nausea, or diarrhea.

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Types of Barrier Birth Control

If you don’t like hormonal birth control, you can try barrier type of contraception. The barrier contraceptive prevents sperm from swimming into the uterus.


The diaphragm is a dome-shaped cup made of silicone material. You can insert it into your vagina before any sexual activity. The purpose of the diaphragm is to prevent the sperm from entering the uterus. It’s kind of like having a wall blocking the cervix which is the entryway to the uterus. Keep in mind that the diaphragm needs to be used with a spermicide to block and destroy the sperm. The potential side effects of the diaphragm are vaginal wall irritation, UTI, yeast infection, or a hypersensitive reaction towards the silicone material.


Condoms are the most popular form of birth control. You can purchase them at many stores. They are very straightforward to use. The purpose of the condom is to prevent sperm from getting into your partner’s vagina. Unfortunately, the condom does have potential side effects such as allergic reaction towards the latex material, which can cause severe rashes, itchiness, and peeling of the skin. There is also the possibility of the condom tearing, releasing the sperm into the vagina.

Cervical Caps

A cervical cap is a form of contraception that inserts into the vagina to fit over the cervix. It is made of silicone material and is shaped like a cup. The cervical cap functions to prevent sperm from swimming into the uterus. The potential side effects of this birth control method are an allergic reaction towards the silicon material, urinary tract infection, and skin irritation.


Spermicide is a chemical that destroys sperm. It can be in foam, gel, and cream form. Usually, people would purchase this and apply it to their condom for extra protection. It can also be applied to the vagina or the penile region as well. The side effects are skin irritation to the vagina or penile area as well as an allergic reaction towards the ingredients within spermicide.

Types of Emergency Birth Control

Sometimes barrier contraceptive might not be effective enough. For example, excessive friction can cause the condom break, therefore, releasing sperm into the uterus. Luckily, emergency birth control is created to stop ovulation immediately.

Plan B

Plan B is a progestin-only emergency birth control that stops pregnancy within 72 hours of unprotected sex. It is commonly known as the morning after pill that can be effective up to five days. The progesterone hormone basically prevents the ovaries from releasing out for fertilization. The potential side effects are heavy bleeding, dizziness, fatigue, headaches, abdominal pain, and much more. If you have a history of anemia and low blood counts, it’s best to consult your doctor before considering Plan B.

Can you get pregnant on birth control?

People often think that any birth control methods are 100% effective, but that is not the case. There are times that birth control could fail for a variety of reasons. This is why studies have claimed that they are only 95 to 99% effective. The most common reason for birth control failure is that people don’t use them correctly. For example, if you miss a pill from your birth control packet, your chances of getting pregnant would increase. If your condom breaks, the sperm can release into your partner’s uterus. If your tubal ligation is not completely closed, there is a slight chance of pregnancy. Another issue is not putting the vaginal ring on correctly, forgetting to change your hormonal patch, or not inserting the cervical cap appropriately can all lead to a greater risk of getting pregnant. There are also incidents where couples are extremely prepared with both condoms and birth control pills, and they still end up pregnant. This is a very slim chance, but through the act of divine intervention, the condom could break, and the partner may not be taking their pills properly. It’s best to speak with a doctor and find out which birth control method is best for you.

With all this in mind, it is wise to take precaution with contraceptive, but it’s more important to ensure that you use it correctly to maximize your protection.


You love your partner, but if you are not ready to bring a child into this world, then it’s best to take some precautions. There are a variety of birth control methods that you can try. If you want something easy and quick, then contraceptive barriers like condoms and diaphragms are the way to go. If you don’t want to use a condom, but also want something reliable, then oral contraceptive pills, hormonal patches, or implants can do wonders. If you are satisfied with the number of kids you have and are ready to stop, then a vasectomy or tubal ligation might be the answer to your prayers. If you are serious about finding the best birth control method, then visit your doctor for a consultation. They can give you some pretty good recommendations and information about what’s out there.

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