UTI is the primary reason doctors tell patients to wipe from front to back. This is mainly because the E. coli bacteria from the large intestine can get into the urethra, which can cause an infection in the bladder and kidney.
Keep in mind that UTIs are the most common condition that urgent care doctors see, and it can happen anytime. Because of this, it’s essential to understand its symptoms and how to manage it.
GuruMD offers urgent care for UTI, allowing you to speak with a board-certified professional and order prescriptions all from home. Here’s our guide to UTIs.
What Is a UTI?
UTI stands for Urinary Tract Infection and is caused by microbes such as bacteria or fungus in the urinary system. The four common areas that the infection affects are the kidneys, ureter, and bladder.
However, the majority of infection involves the lower urinary tract, which is the urethra and bladder. Women are at higher risk of developing a UTI than men. Since the infection is limited to the bladder, it can be very painful and excruciating. However, if left unmanaged, the infectious agent can travel up to the ureter and into the kidney.
Doctors usually treat urinary tract infections with antibiotics, as well as providing consultation on how to reduce the chance of getting it.
Symptoms of UTI
The most common symptoms of a UTI are:
- Burning upon urination
- Persistent urination
- Infrequent small amounts of urine
- Cloudy/red urine
- Pelvic pain
- Strong smelling urine
- Kidney infection (Acute Pyelonephritis)
- High fever
- Shaking and chills
- Upper back and flank pain
Bladder infection (Cystitis)
- Lower abdominal discomfort
- Infrequent and painful urination
- Blood in urine
- Pelvic pressure
Urethra infection (urethritis)
- Burning with urination
How Does GuruMD Treat UTIs?
At GuruMD, we offer urgent care for patients with UTIs. If you are experiencing any of the above symptoms of UTI, all you have to do is create an account to speak with a medical provider. Register online and then visit a doctor right on the app.
Our board certified professionals will ask a series of questions regarding your symptoms, and send the patient to obtain various tests:
The doctor may ask for a urine sample to analyze the white blood cell, red blood cell, and potential infectious agent. The best way to avoid contamination is to wipe the genital area with an antiseptic pad and collect the urine stream.
Grow Bacteria In a Lab
After the urine culture, the doctor may ask for a lab analysis of the urine. This test will show the healthcare provider the type of bacteria that is causing the infection, and which kind of medication to use.
If after treatment for the UTI, it still didn’t get any better, the doctor may ask for a CT scan or MRI to check for potential kidney stones or tumors, and to see if the infection has migrated to the kidney or not.
If the patient keeps getting recurrent UTI, then the doctor will perform a cystoscopy by using a long thin tube with lenses to check the urethra and bladder. The scope is inserted into the urethra and passes through the bladder.
After all the necessary tests, the doctor will check the results and prescribe the proper treatment. For a simple bacterial infection, the healthcare provider will initiate one of these medications:
Oftentimes, the symptoms will clear up after a few days of treatment, but it's still essential to complete the entire course of antibiotics to prevent recurrent infection or possible bacterial mutation that can result in resistance towards the medication. For uncomplicated infections, antibiotic treatment can last for 1-3 days, but successful management depends on the patient’s symptoms and medical history.
The physician may also prescribe analgesic or Azole to number the urethra and bladder pain as well as reduce the burning sensation upon urination.
If the infection causes severe complications and has occurred in the kidney leading to pyelonephritis, then it’s crucial to get to the emergency room for IV antibiotics.
Infection that is caused by a fungus, will require fluconazole to eradicate the agent. The physician will also check out the patient's medication list because certain drugs like the birth control pill can increase vulnerability to fungal infections.
Experiencing urinary problems? Register for your GuruMD account now to get the treatment you need.